Active Gremlin 1 (GREM1)

PIG2; CKTSF1B1; DAND2; IHG-2; DAND2; DRM; Increased in high glucose protein 2; Cell proliferation-inducing gene 2 protein; Cysteine knot superfamily 1, BMP antagonist 1

ACTIVITY TEST

Figure. Cell proliferation of A549 cells after stimulated with GREM1.
Gremlin (GREM1) is an inhibitor in the TGF beta signaling pathway. GREM1 and other BMP antagonists are important in the survival of cancer stroma survival and proliferation in some cancers. The protein expression is found in many cancers and is thought to play important roles in uterine cervix, lung, ovary, kidney, breast, colon, pancreas, and sarcoma carcinomas. A proliferation assay was conducted to detect the bioactivity of recombinant mouse GREM1 using A549 cells. Briefly, A549 cells were seeded into triplicate wells of 96-well plates at a density of 5,000 cells/well and allowed to attach, replaced with serum-free overnight, then the medium was replaced with 2% serum standard DMEM prior to the addition of various concentrations of GREM1. After incubated for 96h, cells were observed by inverted microscope and cell proliferation was measured by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8). Briefly,10µL of CCK-8 solution was added to each well of the plate, then the absorbance at 450nm was measured using a microplate reader after incubating the plate for 1-4 hours at 37°C. Proliferation of A549 cells after incubation with GREM1 for 96h observed by inverted microscope was shown in Figure1. Cell viability was assessed by CCK-8 (Cell Counting Kit-8) assay after incubation with recombinant GREM1 for 96h. The result was shown in Figure 2. It was obvious that GREM1 significantly increased cell viability of A549 cells.
(A) A549 cells cultured in DMEM, stimulated with 1ng/mL GREM1 for 96h;
(B) Unstimulated A549 cells cultured in DMEM for 96h.

Figure. Cell proliferation of A549 cells after stimulated with GREM1.

USAGE

Reconstitute in 20mM Tris, 150mM NaCl (pH8.0) to a concentration of 0.1-1.0 mg/mL. Do not vortex.

STORAGE

Avoid repeated freeze/thaw cycles. Store at 2-8°C for one month. Aliquot and store at -80°C for 12 months.

STABILITY

The thermal stability is described by the loss rate. The loss rate was determined by accelerated thermal degradation test, that is, incubate the protein at 37°C for 48h, and no obvious degradation and precipitation were observed. The loss rate is less than 5% within the expiration date under appropriate storage condition.

GIVEAWAYS

INCREMENT SERVICES

Magazine Citations
Lung Intrinsic BMP Antagonist Gremlin-1 as a Novel Circulating Marker in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension PubMed: 25926293
Tumour Biol Overexpression of Gremlin promotes non-small cell lung cancer progression PubMed: 26392110
Int J Cardiol Triple head-to-head comparison of fibrotic biomarkers galectin-3, osteopontin and gremlin-1 for long-term prognosis in suspected and proven acute heart failure patients PubMed: 26539964
International Journal of Cardiology Triple head-to-head comparison of fibrotic biomarkers galectin-3, osteopontin and gremlin-1 for long-termprognosis in suspected and proven acute heart failure patients Pubmed:26539964
American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology BMPR2 Mutation-independent Mechanisms of Disrupted BMP Signaling in IPAH Pubmed:27187737
J Rheumatol GREM1 Is a Key ReCavia (Guinea pig )lator of Synoviocyte Hyperplasia and Invasiveness Pubmed:26834210
European cells & materials The BMP2 variant L51P restores the osteogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stromal cells in the presence of intervertebral disc cells. pubmed:28266688
Sci Rep. Genomic reprograming analysis of the Mesothelial to Mesenchymal Transition identifies biomarkers in peritoneal dialysis patients. pubmed:28327551
American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology Bone Morphogenic Protein Type 2 Receptor Mutation-Independent Mechanisms of Disrupted Bone Morphogenetic Protein Signaling in Idiopathic Pulmonary Arterial … rcmb.2015-0402OC
Catalog No. Related products for research use of Mus musculus (Mouse) Organism species Applications (RESEARCH USE ONLY!)
RPC128Mu01 Recombinant Gremlin 1 (GREM1) Positive Control; Immunogen; SDS-PAGE; WB.
RPC128Mu02 Recombinant Gremlin 1 (GREM1) Positive Control; Immunogen; SDS-PAGE; WB.
APC128Mu01 Active Gremlin 1 (GREM1) Cell culture; Activity Assays.
PAC128Mu01 Polyclonal Antibody to Gremlin 1 (GREM1) WB; IHC; ICC; IP.
PAC128Mu02 Polyclonal Antibody to Gremlin 1 (GREM1) WB; IHC; ICC; IP.
LAC128Mu81 FITC-Linked Polyclonal Antibody to Gremlin 1 (GREM1) WB; IHC; ICC; IF.
LAC128Mu71 Biotin-Linked Polyclonal Antibody to Gremlin 1 (GREM1) WB; IHC; ICC.
SEC128Mu ELISA Kit for Gremlin 1 (GREM1) Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for Antigen Detection.