Active Defensin Beta 2 (DEFb2)

B-DF2; DEFB2; BD2; DEF-B2; HBD2; DEFB102; HBD-2; SAP1; DEFB4A; DEFB4; Skin-Antimicrobial Peptide 1

ACTIVITY TEST

Figure. The binding activity of DEFb2 with KCNA3.
Defensin Beta 2 (DEFb2) known as skin-antimicrobial peptide 1 (SAP1) is a cysteine-rich cationic low molecular weight antimicrobial peptide. Defensins form a family of microbicidal and cytotoxic peptides made by neutrophils. Members of the defensin family are highly similar in protein sequence. DEFb2 is produced by a number of epithelial cells and exhibits potent antimicrobial activity against Gram-negative bacteria and Candida, but not Gram-positive S. aureus. Besides, potassium voltage-gated channel, shaker-related subfamily, member 3 (KCNA3) has been identified as an interactor of DEFb2, thus a binding ELISA assay was conducted to detect the interaction of recombinant human DEFb2 and recombinant human KCNA3. Briefly, DEFb2 were diluted serially in PBS, with 0.01% BSA (pH 7.4). Duplicate samples of 100uL were then transferred to KCNA3-coated microtiter wells and incubated for 2h at 37℃. Wells were washed with PBST and incubated for 1h with anti-DEFb2 pAb, then aspirated and washed 3 times. After incubation with HRP labelled secondary antibody, wells were aspirated and washed 3 times. With the addition of substrate solution, wells were incubated 15-25 minutes at 37℃. Finally, add 50µL stop solution to the wells and read at 450nm immediately. The binding activity of DEFb2 and KCNA3 was shown in Figure 1, and this effect was in a dose dependent manner.

USAGE

Reconstitute in 10mM PBS (pH7.4) to a concentration of 0.1-1.0 mg/mL. Do not vortex.

STORAGE

Avoid repeated freeze/thaw cycles. Store at 2-8°C for one month. Aliquot and store at -80°C for 12 months.

STABILITY

The thermal stability is described by the loss rate. The loss rate was determined by accelerated thermal degradation test, that is, incubate the protein at 37°C for 48h, and no obvious degradation and precipitation were observed. The loss rate is less than 5% within the expiration date under appropriate storage condition.

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Magazine Citations
Livestock Science The effect of Lactobacillus on the expression of porcine β-defensin-2 in the digestive tract of piglets ScienceDirect: S1871141311000126
Appl Environ Microbiol. Modulation of Porcine β-Defensins 1 and 2 upon Individual and Combined Fusarium Toxin Exposure in a Swine Jejunal Epithelial Cell Line Asm: Source
Plos Pathogens HIF-1α Is Essential for Effective PMN Bacterial Killing, Antimicrobial Peptide Production and Apoptosis in?Pseudomonas aeruginosa?Keratitis PubMed: PMC3715414
British Journal of Nutrition Identification of sociodemographic and clinical factors associated with the levels of human β-defensin-1 and human β-defensin-2 in the human milk of Han Chinese Pubmed: 24124699
University of Waikato The Assessment of Vitamin D, Antimicrobial Peptides and Procalcitonin in Bronchiectasis Waikato:Source
Vaccine On birth single dose live attenuated OPV and BCG vaccination induces gut cathelicidin LL37 responses at 6 week of age: A natural experiment Pubmed:25444792
International Journal of Dairy Technology Concentration characteristics of bovine β-defensin 1 and 2 in fresh bovine milk and infant formula Doi: 10.1111
Molecular Nutrition Food Research Green tea polyphenol epigallocatechin-3-gallate improves epithelial barrier function by inducing the productionof antimicrobial peptide pBD-1 and pBD-2 in monolayers of porcine intestinal epithelial IPEC-J2 cells. Pubmed:26991948
Respiratory Research Vitamin D and allergic airway disease shape the murine lung microbiome in a sex-specific manner. pubmed:27655266
Key Engineering Materials The Level of Inflammatory Cytokines and Antimicrobial Peptides after Composite Material Implantation and Contamination with Bacterial Culture. 16629795
Scientific Reports Measurements of AMPs in stratum corneum of atopic dermatitis and healthy skin–tape stripping technique Pubmed:29374283
Frontiers in Microbiology Swine-Derived Probiotic Lactobacillus plantarum Inhibits Growth and Adhesion of Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli and Mediates Host Defense Pubmed:29997590
Journal of Dermatological Science Glyoxal-induced exacerbation of pruritus and dermatitis is associated with staphylococcus aureus colonization in the skin of a rat model of atopic dermatitis Pubmed:29496360
Catalog No. Related products for research use of Homo sapiens (Human) Organism species Applications (RESEARCH USE ONLY!)
APA072Hu01 Active Defensin Beta 2 (DEFb2) Cell culture; Activity Assays.
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KSA072Hu01 ELISA Kit DIY Materials for Defensin Beta 2 (DEFb2) Main materials for "Do It (ELISA Kit) Yourself".