Active Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor (MIF)

GIF; GLIF; MMIF; Glycosylation-Inhibiting Factor; L-dopachrome isomerase; L-dopachrome tautomerase; Phenylpyruvate tautomerase

ACTIVITY TEST

Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), also known as glycosylation- inhibiting factor (GIF), L-dopachrome isomerase, or phenylpyruvate tautomerase is a protein classified as an inflammatory cytokine. MIF is an important regulator of innate immunity. It involved in cell-mediated immunity, immunoregulation, and inflammation. MIF plays a role in the regulation of macrophage function in host defense through the suppression of anti-inflammatory effects of glucocorticoids. This lymphokine and the JAB1 protein form a complex in the cytosol near the peripheral plasma membrane, which may indicate a role in integrin signaling pathways. Besides, Major Histocompatibility Complex Class II Invariant Chain (MHCDG) has been identified as an interactor of MIF, thus a binding ELISA assay was conducted to detect the interaction of recombinant human MIF and recombinant human MHCDG. Briefly, MIF were diluted serially in PBS, with 0.01% BSA (pH 7.4). Duplicate samples of 100uL were then transferred to MHCDG- coated microtiter wells and incubated for 2h at 37℃. Wells were washed with PBST and incubated for 1h with anti-MIF pAb, then aspirated and washed 3 times. After incubation with HRP labelled secondary antibody, wells were aspirated and washed 3 times. With the addition of substrate solution, wells were incubated 15-25 minutes at 37℃. Finally, add 50µL stop solution to the wells and read at 450nm immediately. The binding activity of MIF and MHCDG was shown in Figure 1, and this effect was in a dose dependent manner.
Figure. The binding activity of MIF with MHCDG.

Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF or MMIF), is a lymphokine involved in cell-mediated immunity, immunoregulation, and inflammation. MIF contains two motifs with catalytic activity. The first is a 27 amino acid motif located at the N-terminus functions as a phenylpyruvate tautomerase. MIF also contains a Cys-Ala-Leu-Cys catalytic site between residues 57 and 60 that appears to function as a disulfide reductase. Besides, MIF is overexpressed in various tumors and has been suggested as a molecular link between chronic inflammation and cancer. To measured the effect of MIF on cell proliferation, breast cancer MCF-7 cells were seeded into triplicate wells of 96-well plates at a density of 5,000 cells/well and allowed to attach, replaced with serum-free overnight, then the medium was replaced with 1% serum standard DMEM prior to the addition of various concentrations of recombinant human MIF. After incubated for 96h, cells were observed by inverted microscope and cell proliferation was measured by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8). Briefly, 10µL of CCK-8 solution was added to each well of the plate, then the absorbance at 450nm was measured using a microplate reader after incubating the plate for 1-4 hours at 37℃. Proliferation of MCF-7 cells after incubation with MIF for 96h observed by inverted microscope was shown in Figure 2. Cell viability was assessed by CCK-8 assay after incubation with recombinant MIF for 96h. The result was shown in Figure 3. It was obvious that MIF significantly increased cell viability of MCF-7 cells.
(A) MCF-7 cells cultured in DMEM, stimulated with 10ng/mL MIF for 96h;
(B) Unstimulated MCF7 cells cultured in DMEM for 96h.
Figure. Cell proliferation of MCF-7 cells after stimulated with MIF.

Figure. Cell proliferation of MCF-7 cells after stimulated with MIF.

USAGE

Reconstitute in 20mM Tris, 150mM NaCl (PH8.0) to a concentration of 0.1-1.0 mg/mL. Do not vortex.

STORAGE

Avoid repeated freeze/thaw cycles. Store at 2-8°C for one month. Aliquot and store at -80°C for 12 months.

STABILITY

The thermal stability is described by the loss rate. The loss rate was determined by accelerated thermal degradation test, that is, incubate the protein at 37°C for 48h, and no obvious degradation and precipitation were observed. The loss rate is less than 5% within the expiration date under appropriate storage condition.

GIVEAWAYS

INCREMENT SERVICES

Magazine Citations
Kidney International Targeted reduction of advanced glycation improves renal function in obesity PubMed: 21412218
The Journal of Immunology Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor Plays a Role in the Regulation of Microfold (M) Cell-Mediated Transport in the Gut Jimmunol: 5673
The Journal of Endocrinology Involvement of exercise-induced macrophage migration inhibitory factor in the prevention of fatty liver disease PubMed: PMC3757527
The Journal of Immunology Role of macrophage migration inhibitory factor in the regulatory T cell response of tumor-bearing mice PubMed: PMC3466372
Diabetologia Deletion of bone-marrow-derived receptor for AGEs (RAGE) improves renal function in an experimental mouse model of diabetes Pubmed:24957662
BioMed Research International The Potential Role of Polymethyl Methacrylate as a New Packaging Material for the Implantable Medical Device in the Bladder PubMed: 25705692
Diabetologia Combined NOX1/4 inhibition with GKT137831 in mice provides dose-dependent reno- and atheroprotection even in established micro- and macrovascular disease. pubmed:28160092
Life Sciences Protective effect of chlorogenic acid on the inflammatory damage of pancreas and lung in mice with l-arginine-induced pancreatitis pubmed:28919396
Scientific Reports Cytokine MIF Enhances Blood-Brain Barrier Permeability: Impact for Therapy in Ischemic Stroke Pubmed:29335619
Catalog No. Related products for research use of Homo sapiens (Human) Organism species Applications (RESEARCH USE ONLY!)
APA698Hu02 Active Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor (MIF) Cell culture; Activity Assays.
APA698Hu01 Active Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor (MIF) Cell culture; Activity Assays.
RPA698Hu02 Recombinant Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor (MIF) Positive Control; Immunogen; SDS-PAGE; WB.
RPA698Hu01 Recombinant Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor (MIF) Positive Control; Immunogen; SDS-PAGE; WB.
PAA698Hu01 Polyclonal Antibody to Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor (MIF) WB; IHC; ICC; IP.
PAA698Hu02 Polyclonal Antibody to Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor (MIF) WB; IHC; ICC; IP.
MAA698Hu22 Monoclonal Antibody to Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor (MIF) WB; IHC; ICC; IP.
SEA698Hu ELISA Kit for Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor (MIF) Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for Antigen Detection.
KSA698Hu01 ELISA Kit DIY Materials for Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor (MIF) Main materials for "Do It (ELISA Kit) Yourself".